Mcc Guide To Writing Research Papers

Find examples for citing your resources using MLA style. The examples below represent the most common types of citations. Many more examples are available using the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed.

Citation Builders are form based services that will help you create a citation based on a particular style. They will supply the commas (,), periods (.), colons (:), spacing and placement for you, but will not correct capitalization, spelling or abbreviations.  KnightCite does a good job.  Others are readily available by searching the Internet for “citation builder.” Most of these services are available free of charge.

KnightCite Citation Service ( provides a citation tool for MLA, APA, and Chicago styles. Select the citation style, then the type of resource you are citing, and fill in the blanks. Once submitted, copy the generated citation and paste it into your document for final formatting.

Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)  ( Recommended by Mott faculty, Purdue’s Online Writing Lab is an award winning instructional website. In addition to citation styles, OWL provides guidance for all aspects of your research project and writing needs.

If you need help actually writing or revising your paper contact The Writing Center at (810) 762-0229 or visit them in the Curtice Mott Building, CM2031.


“The Bachelor.” The Encyclopedia of Reality Television: The Ultimate Guide to Over Twenty Years of RealityTV from the Real World to Dancing with the Stars. New York: Pocket Books, 2008. Print.

“Survivor.” Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2007. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009. Print.


Carson, Bruce. Frames and Fictions on Television: The Politics of Identity within Drama. Portland, OR.: Intellect Books, 2000. NetLibrary. Web. 12 Oct. 2008.

Hutchby, Ian. “Confrontation as Spectacle: The Argumentative Frame of the Ricki Lake Show.” Television Talk Shows: Discourse, Performance, Spectacle. Ed. Andrew Tolson. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 2001. Print.

Murray, Susan and Laurie Ouellette. Reality TV: Remaking Television Culture. New York: New York UP, 2004. Print.

Rankin, Aubree. "Reality TV Shows Encourage Immoral Behavior." Opposing Viewpoints: Television. Ed. Jamuna Carroll. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.


"Actress Shayne Lamas Says She Hopes Her New Reality Show Featuring Her Siblings and Parents Will Bring Her Family Closer Together." Washington Times 5 Oct. 2009: B7. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.

"Competitive Reality Shows Dominate Local Ratings." Chattanooga Times/Free Press 20 Sept. 200: n. pag. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.

“Media: The Fallout from 15 Minutes of Fame: As Reality TV Producers Introduce More Vulnerable People to Pull in Jaded Viewers, They Have Increased the Psychological Help Available.” The Guardian 24 Aug. 2009: 2. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 13 Oct. 2009.


"Antics in the Attic; Reality TV: Created in Europe; Sold in America." The Economist 26 May 2001: 6. Print.

Schneider, Michael. "Reeling from Reality: As Franchises Lose Viewers, Nets Are Left in the Lurch." Variety 5 Oct. 2009: 1+. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 5 Nov. 2009.

Streisand, Betsy. "Did You Say Reality TV? Or Surreal TV?" U.S. News & World Report 22 Jan. 2001: 36. Print.

Ward, Kate. "Stupid Parents + Reality TV = Kids at Risk." Entertainment Weekly 30 Oct. 2009: 30. General OneFile. Web. 5 Nov. 2009.

Young, Toby. "How a Reality Show Gave Me Back My Title as Least Popular Person in America. Spectator 17 Jan 2009: 54(1). Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.


Baruh, Lemi. "Publicized Intimacies on Reality Television: An Analysis of Voyeuristic Content and Its Contribution to the Appeal of Reality Programming." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 53.2 (2009): 190+. General OneFile. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.

Houck, MM. "CSI: Reality—Attorneys, Investigators and Educators Have Felt the Impact of Television's Popular Forensics Programs." Scientific American 295.1 (2006): 84-89. Print.

McVey, Cynthia. "Reality Bites: Do Participants in Reality TV Shows Really Know What They Are Getting Into? Cynthia McVey Argues That Informed Consent Isn't All It's Cracked Up to Be." New Scientist 183.2458 (2004): 16. Academic OneFile. Web. 2 Nov. 2009.

Pointon, C. "Beware 'Big Brother'." Therapy Today 17.10 (2006): 4-7. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.

Shouse, Ben. “Reality TV Puts Group Behavior to the Test.” Science ns 294.5545 (2001): 1262-1263. JSTOR. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.


“Reality Television.” Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 27 October 2009. Web. 2 November 2009.

Guttentag, Bill. Why Are Reality TV Shows So Popular? Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco. 13 February 2008. Lecture. YouTube. Web. 2 November 2009. <>.

Prepared by the Mott Library staff
November 2009

Information Literacy Module V: Preparing to Use Information Ethically

Documentation styles such as MLA and APA prescribe guidelines for citing and documenting the sources of our information. Citation and documentation work together. When we cite, we give credit to our source right when we introduce its information into our speech or writing. Because we want to stay focused on our topic, this is usually a brief reference, so we use documentation to provide a more thorough description of the source. As you can imagine, things might get a little bit messy if we each had to come up with our own sensible system of citation and documentation. That’s why the Modern Language Association (MLA), the American Psychological Association (APA), and other professional organizations have kindly provided guidelines for us to follow. Now, as long as we know which style a writer or a speaker is using, we can all understand each other and feel confident knowing that we’re following the same rules for citing and documenting our sources responsibly.

There are several styles of documentation, and depending on your discipline and your instructors’ preferences, you may be required to use more than one of these during your time as a student. Before you begin your research project, find out what’s expected of you by asking your instructor or consulting your assignment or course syllabus. Test Your Understanding


Guiding Your Research
What style of documentation are you required to use for the research project you’re working on now? Which reference guide will you be using to help you follow the guidelines of this style? (Example: Diana Hacker’s A Pocket Style Manual)

For helpful hints about note-taking, visit Module VI “Preparing to Use Information Effectively.”

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