Malcolm X Vs. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay
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The Civil Rights Movement symbolized the challenge and opposition to the racial injustices and segregation that had been engrained in American society for hundreds of years. Events that took place in the 1950s and 1960s, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the March on Washington, sit-ins, speeches and numerous protests define this momentous time in United States history. Speeches during this period served as a means to inspire and assemble a specific group of people, for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X it was the black community that needed to rise up in hopes of achieving equal rights and voting rights for the blacks.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were two of the most prominent leaders and orators at the heart of…show more content…
Malcolm X and Dr. King also shared the opinion that the current political system in the United States needed reform.
Dr. King and Malcolm X strived to achieve equality for blacks under the law, more specifically, voting rights, desegregation, and more representation in government and politics. However, both men differed immensely in their tactics and strategies. For Dr. King, the negotiations could be brought about by the persistence of a nonviolent plan where, the oppressed people’s determination would overcome the will of the oppressor in the hearts and minds of the nation. He firmly believed in the principles of Mahatma Gandhi’s method of nonviolence resistance, which had been successful in driving the British out of India. For example, according to King, one of the resisters, or black mans goals is not to humiliate the opponent, (the white man) but to win his friendship and understanding. Dr. King proposed a passive resistance, based on “the conviction that the universe is on the side of justice” (“Pilgrimage to Non Violence” King, 112). He claimed the center of nonviolence is based on the principle of love, or understanding. Dr. King emphasized that the white man should not be held responsible for the minorities and blacks being oppressed. Here is where the two leaders oppose each other. Malcolm X felt social injustice and racism had endured too long, and it was
Show MoreDuring the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s in the United States, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X had different methods and philosophies for trying to accomplish the very similar goal of civil rights for African Americans. Although Martin Luther King, Jr. had a philosophy of non-violence and racial integration and Malcolm X believed violence might be necessary and believed in racial separation, the two leaders had a lot in common: “Martin and Malcolm have become the two most recognizable African American icons of the twentieth century”(Carson 22). Both men had similar backgrounds. Their fathers were Baptist ministers and both became religious leaders. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Southern Baptist minister inspired by the Hindu…show more content…
Martin Luther King, Jr. worked to achieve legal equality for African Americans, including the right to vote and equal treatment. This was his main goal. One way that he hoped to achieve job equality was through racial integration between African Americans and white Americans. He was a pastor in the Southern Baptist tradition at Dexter Avenue Baptists Church in Montgomery, Alabama, and was inspired toward a non-violent approach to social change by Jesus Christ and Mohandas K. Ghandi (About Dr. King). However, King was not always against violence and was not always pro-integration. According to James Cone in his essay "Martin And Malcolm On Nonviolence And Violence," King experienced white prejudice early in life living in Atlanta, Georgia and had a negative attitude toward white people. “He was determined to hate all whites,” and he slowly grew to change “through the influence of religion, education, and personal encounters with moderate whites” in college and seminary (Cone 174). King came to believe that all Americans should be integrated into one society that works together peacefully.
Although he was known for his non-violent approach to social protest, Martin Luther King, Jr. was not always committed to nonviolence. Though he was raised in a Christian