Business Research Papers Ideas Para

About this guide

The staff of the Culinary Archive have suggested the following ideas for student research papers. These topics are meant to help stimulate thinking about a topic where the holdings of the Culinary Archive are notable. There are many other topics to be found in the collection's areas of strength, including etiquette, cooking for or with children, and charity cookbooks. We offer these suggestions, based on our knowledge of the collection, along with other resources found in the UM libraries. However, please be aware that we cannot guarantee that a paper can be written based solely on the resources we hold. It is the responsibility of the student, in conjunction with his or her professor, to determine whether or not there is sufficient source material for a paper.

Table of Contents

  1. Food Preservation
  2. Food Adulteration
  3. Health Food Movements and Diet Reform
  4. Cooking and Caring for Invalids
  5. Visual Representations of Food: Food as Cultural Icon
  6. Guides and “Friends” for Young or New Housekeepers
  7. Domestic Science and the Cooking School Movement
  8. Changes in Consumption: Menus and Meal Plans
  9. Scenes of Domesticity

1. Food Preservation Techniques: Leveraging Natural Abundance

Recipes for preserved foods are a common feature of 18th through early 20th century cookbooks and household manuals. Comparing recipes across the decades, and attending to what writers said, gives us a snapshot of food preservation techniques as well as preferences and attitudes towards canned, pickled, and other preserved foodstuffs, their use, and their place in the American diet and in the economy of the household.

What are the most common recipes for canned, pickled, or other preserved foods and what does that say about what foodstuffs were available? What was common in the early as vs. the late 19th century? What changes came with the spread of the railroads, with their ability to ship food long distances from producer to consumer? What changes came with the introduction of the pressure cooker in the early 20th century? What values do authors draw on when talking about preserving food, e.g. thrift, taste, health, variety in the diet, self-sufficiency?

Finding materials

Keyword in “Subjects”
“Canning and preserving”
“Pressure cooking”

Keyword in “Title”
“Culinary ephemera : canning”

Materials on the growth of the railroads can be found in the Special Collections Transportation Collection in Hatcher library.

Sample Titles

The frugal housewife, or, Complete woman cook : wherein the art of dressing all sorts of viands, with cleanliness, decency, and elegance, is explained in five hundred approved...
Clements Library: C2 1802 Ca

The young woman's companion, or, Frugal housewife : containing the most approved methods of pickling, preserving, potting, collaring, confectionary, managing and colouring...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1811 Yo

The housekeeper's receipt book, or, The repository of domestic knowledge : containing a complete system of housekeeping, formed upon principles of experience and economy, and...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1818 Ho

House keeper's almanac and the young wife's oracle, 1845 : containing over 200 valuable recipes in cookery, confectionary, pastry, &c. &c.
Clements Library: Almanacs Ho

The frugal housekeeper's kitchen companion, or, Guide to economical cookery : containing instructions in the art of cooking every kind of meats and vegetables, and in making...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1848 Wh

A collection of new and valuable family receipts : comprising the most approved modes of curing meat, cooking, preserving, pickling, washing, dying [i.e. dyeing] fast colors,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1851 Co

Miss Beecher's domestic receipt-book : designed as a supplement to her Treatise on domestic economy.
Clements Library: C2 1855 Be cop. 2

Hand book of practical receipts, or, Useful hints in every day life / by an American gentleman and lady.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1860 Ha

Every-day cookery for every family : containing nearly 1,000 receipts adapted to moderate incomes and comprising the best and most economical methods of roasting, boiling,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1866 Sc

Dedham receipts / prepared by a practical housekeeper.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1872 Da

Archdeacon's kitchen cabinet : a book of receipts for the manufacture of pickles, preserves, jellies, syrups, sauces, ketchups, vinegars, and canning of all kinds of fruit,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1876 Ar

The Lakeside cook book. No. 1 : a manual of recipes for cooking, pickling, and preserving, and other useful information for the housekeeper / by N.A.D.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1878 D

The housekeeper's new cook book : embracing nearly one thousand recipes and practical suggestions to all young housekeepers in regard to cooking and the utensils used / compiled...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1883 Ho

The universal cookery book : practical recipes for household use : selected from the most eminent authorities, including Marion Harland, the Boston cook-book, Miss Parloa,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1887 Un

The modern cook book : embracing more than one thousand recipes and practical suggestions to housekeepers / compiled by Mrs. T.J. Kirkpatrick.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1890 Mo

The economical cook book : practical cookery book of to-day, with minute directions how to buy, dress, cook, serve & carve, and 300 standard recipes for canning, preserving,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1890 Wa

The "Home Queen" World's Fair souvenir cook book : two thousand valuable recipes on cookery and household economy, menus, table etiquette, etc. / contributed by over two...
Clements Library: Col 4B Ge-32

Canned fruit, preserves, and jellies : household methods of preparation / by Maria Parloa.
Special Collections Library: Cookery Periodicals Far no. 203

Elements of the theory and practice of cookery : a text-book of household science for use in schools / by Mary E. Williams and Katharine Rolston Fisher.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1911 Wi

Canning and how to use canned foods / A.W. Bitting, K.G. Bitting.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1916 Bi

A treatise on food conservation and the art of canning / by Mrs. Sherwood P. Snyder.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1917 Sn

Save it for winter : modern methods of canning, dehydrating, preserving, and storing vegetables and fruit for winter use : with comments on the best things to grow for saving...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1918 Ro

Everywomans canning book : the A B C of safe home canning and preserving by the cold pack method / Mary B. Hughes ...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1918 Hu

The country kitchen cook book : a book of recipes and information for the farm woman.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1922 Co

"Home Comfort" cook book : containing a general course of instruction in/ the art of home cooking and canning, including 1000 modern recipes and valuable formulae : also, many...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1924 Ho

Canning fruits and vegetables at home / [by Louise Stanley].
Special Collections Library: Cookery Periodicals Far no. 1471(a)

"Home Comfort" cook book : containing a general course of instruction in the art of home cooking and canning, including 1000 modern recipes and valuable formulae : also, many...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1935 Ho

The country cookbook : cooking, canning and preserving victuals for country home, farm, camp & trailer, with notes on rustic hospitality / written by Cora, Rose & Bob Brown.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1937 Br

Food preservation.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1940 Fo

Home canning of fruits, vegetables, and meats / [by Louise Stanley, Mabel Stienbarger, and Dorothy Shank]
Special Collections Library: Cookery Periodicals Far no. 1762(a)

Home canning made easy / by Miriam Williams ; illustrated by A.J. Reagan.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1945 Wi

How to preserve food / by Walter W. Chenoweth.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1945 Ch

2. Food Adulteration

The Culinary Archive contains both manuals for how to compound food and drink and tracts against adulteration. Definitions of food adulteration have varied over time, but generally it refers to adding substances to food to extend it or disguise it. (A fuller description of food adulterations is given here: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01162b.htm )

Throughout the 19th century producers experimented with methods of making production of foodstuffs more expedient, sometimes without due regard for the safety of the substances they used in processing. Public outcry was never far behind, and the 19th century saw a series of food purity scandals and movements. These materials provide evidence for the contemporary attitude towards food adulteration, as well as practices in a variety of food trades.

What were 19th century views of food additives and adulterations? What arguments were made about food adulteration? What fears are reflected in works on food adulteration, and what commercial realities are reflected? How do the authors address the reader - in terms of health, in terms of a larger social agenda, or in terms of other values?

Finding Materials

Keywords in “Subjects”:
“Food adulteration and inspection”
“Food law and legislation -- United States”

The JBLCA’s diverse collection of advertising ephemera also contains much evidence of Americans' concerns about the purity and safety of food.

Sample Titles

Adulteration

A treatise on adulterations of food, and culinary poisons. Exhibiting the fraudulent sophistications of bread, beer, wine, spiritous liquors, tea, coffee, cream, confectionery,...
Clements Library: C2 1820 Ac

The household cyclopaedia of practical receipts and daily wants ... by Alexander V. Hamilton.
Clements Library: C2 1873 Ha

The injurious effects of alum upon the human system when used in bread or baking powders, as shown by eminent authorities and as proven by experiments on man and animals.
Clements Library: C2 1873 In

Food materials and their adulterations / by Ellen H. Richards.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1886 Ri

Adulteration of food products.
Clements Library: D C 1900 2-28

Beverages and their adulteration; origin, composition, manufacture, natural, artificial, fermented, distilled, alkaloidal, and fruit juices, by Harvey W. Wiley ...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1919 Wi

Compounding food and drink

A useful guide for grocers, distillers, hotel & tavern-keepers, and wine and spirit dealers of every denomination; : being a complete directory for making and managing all kinds...
Clements Library: C2 1829 Be

A guide to wealth : over one hundred valuable recipes for saloons, inn-keepers, grocers, druggists, merchants, and for families generally.
Clements Library: C2 1858 Ch

The grocers' manual : a guide book for the information and use of grocers : containing a full description of all the goods sold by the trade : also rates of fare, adulterations,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1879 Fe

The complete bread, cake, and cracker baker : in two parts.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1881 Gi

The art of blending and compounding liquors and wines ... and valuable information concerning whiskeys in bond. By Joseph Fleischman.
Clements Library: C2 1885 Fl

Skuse's complete confectioner : a practical guide to the art of sugar boiling in all its branches, the manufacture of fondants, creams, chocolates, pastilles, jujubes (gelatine...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1890 Sk

The compounder : Williams' informer, or whiskey buyer's guide : the only practical work published : giving the secrets of compounding and the general ins and outs of the liquor...
Clements Library: C2 1898 Wi

Other Sources

Pure food : securing the Federal Food and Drugs Act of 1906 / James Harvey Young.
Hatcher Graduate Library: KF 3864.526 .A16 Y681 1989

3. Health Food Movements and Diet Reform

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries there have been numerous health food movements, advocating vegetarianism, abstinence, unrefined foods, and other dietary and personal regimens. Sylvester Graham and John Harvey Kellogg are two of the best known American health reformers, but there have been many others including William Alcott, Russell Thacher Trall, and Joel Shew. More recent names include Adele Davis and Frances Moore Lappé. Their methods of pursuing health were based on a variety of theories, some claiming scientific status, others claiming only to rely on common sense.

What values do proponents of health food regimens draw on in their arguments and recommendations? What evils do they depict that their prescribed regimen will cure or avoid? Do they address only the individual, or do they have a social agenda to push? What is their attitude towards the established medical practices of the day? Do they present themselves as working with doctors, or supplanting them?

Finding Materials

Keywords in “Subject”:
“Diet in disease”
“Health”
“Diet therapy”
“Vegetarianism”

Keywords in “Title”:
“Culinary ephemera : health food”
“Water cure”

Sample Titles

The Aesculapian tablets of the nineteenth century. Published by Sylvester Graham, public lecturer on the science of human life ...
Clements Library: C2 1834 Gr

A defence of the Graham system of living; or, remarks on diet and regimen. Dedicated to the rising generation ...
Clements Library: C2 1835 De

Vegetable diet : as sanctioned by medical men, and by experience in all ages. Including a system of vegetable cookery / by Dr. Wm. A. Alcott.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1849 Al

The new hydropathic cook-book; with recipes for cooking on hygenic principles: containing also a philosophical exposition of the relations of food to health ... By R. T. Trall,...
Clements Library: C2 1854 Tr

Fruits and farinacea the proper food of man; being an attempt to prove, from history, anatomy, physiology, and chemistry, that the original, natural, and best diet of man is...
Clements Library: C2 1854 Sm

The health reformer's cook book, or, How to prepare food from grains, fruits, and vegetables / by Mrs. Lucretia E. Jackson.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1867 Ja

The stepping stone to homoeopathy and health / by E.H. Ruddock ; with alterations and additions adapting it to the climate, diseases, and customs of Americans, by the American...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1879 Ru

Household manual of domestic hygiene, food, and diet : treatment of common diseases, accidents and emergencies, and healthful cookery / by J.H. Kellogg.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1882 Ke

Ralston gardens of life : a study of health and the best way of living, including the natural cure of disease and the perfecting of the faculties : also private walks and talks...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1900 Sh

The simple life in a nutshell.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1910 Ke

The new cookery : a book of recipes, most of which are in use at the Battle Creek Sanitarium / by Lenna Frances Cooper.
Clements Library: C2 1914 Co

Natural foods : the safe way to health / by Otto Carqué.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1926 Ca

For material on the health resorts of late 19th and early 20th century Michigan, see the Bentley Historical Library's Suggested Research Topics - Michigan's Spas, Springs and Sanitariums.

4. Changing Face of Vegetarianism in the 19th and early 20th Centuries

Vegetarianism has long had practitioners and proponents in the U.S. But the term “vegetarian” covers a multitude of dietetic philosophies and social stances. Sometimes it has meant eating only vegetable foods, sometimes it has meant avoiding flesh foods, or some kinds of them, with numerous distinctions in between. The rationale for vegetarianism has varied widely, including promotion of health, a moral stance against eating animals, and even metaphysical attitudes.

What arguments did proponents make for vegetarianism during different decades? What constituted vegetarianism: which foods were allowed or not allowed? What other prescriptions accompanied vegetarianism -- temperance, avoidance of tobacco, sexual abstinence, exercise? What rationales are given for these prescriptions? What social or moral values are reflected by the changing discourse on vegetarianism?

Finding Materials

Keywords in “Subjects”:
“Vegetarianism”
“Vegetarian cooking”
“Diet therapy”

Keywords in “Title”
“Vegetarian”
“Vegetable diet”

Sample Titles

Vegetable diet : as sanctioned by medical men, and by experience in all ages. Including a system of vegetable cookery / by Dr. Wm. A. Alcott.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1849 Al

Fruits and farinacea the proper food of man; being an attempt to prove, from history, anatomy, physiology, and chemistry, that the original, natural, and best diet of man is...
Clements Library: C2 1854 Sm

The health reformer's cook book, or, How to prepare food from grains, fruits, and vegetables / by Mrs. Lucretia E. Jackson.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1867 Ja

Practical vegetarian cookery. Editors, the Countess Constance Wachtmeister; Kate Buffington Davis.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1897 Wa

The practical naturopathic-vegetarian cook book : cooked and uncooked foods / by Louise Lust.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1907 Lu

The golden rule cook book : six hundred recipes for meatless dishes / originated, collected, and arranged by M.R.L. Sharpe.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1910 Sh

The Unity Inn vegetarian cook book : a collection of practical suggestions and receipts for the preparation of non-flesh foods in palatable and attractive ways.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1924 Un

From hand to mouth : vegetarian recipes / compiled by Emily B. Sellon.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1942 Se

Vegetarian cookery / by Dr. Pietro Rotondi, D.C.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1948 Ro

5. Cooking and Caring for Invalids

Care of the sick in America has always been shared between professional medical attention and home nursing. Depending on the circumstances, and the time, the balance has tipped one way or the other. The majority of 19th century American cookbooks contain at least a short section of sickroom recipes or recommendations for feeding and care of invalids. The recipes and practices that authors prescribe draw variously on contemporary medical practice, popular medicine, and folk wisdom. Tracing the changes in these practices allows the researcher to explore the intersections among these three sources of medical advice.

How did cooking for invalids change during the course of the 19th century? What foods were considered suitable for people suffering from specific illnesses, and why? What illnesses are most often mentioned, and does this change over the course of the century? What foods were considered dangerous and why? How did sickroom recommendations reflect, or fail to reflect, contemporary medical theories?

Finding Materials

Keyword in “Subjects”:
“Cooking for the sick”
“Medicine, Popular”

Sample Titles

Feeding and Caring for the Sick

A new system of domestic cookery : formed upon principles of economy and adapted to the use of private families / by a lady.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1813 Ru

The Kentucky housewife : containing nearly thirteen hundred full receipts and many more comprised in other similar receipts / by Lettice Bryan.
Clements Library: C2 1841 Br

A manual of homoeopathic cookery : designed chiefly for the use of such persons as are under homoeopathic treatment / by the wife of a homoeopathic physician
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1846 Ma

The American matron, or, Practical and scientific cookery / by a housekeeper.
Clements Library: C2 1851 Am

The invalid's own book : a collection of recipes from various books and various countries / by The Honourable Lady Cust.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1853 Cu

Miss Beecher's domestic receipt-book : designed as a supplement to her Treatise on domestic economy.
Clements Library: C2 1855 Be cop. 2

Every-day cookery for every family : containing nearly 1,000 receipts adapted to moderate incomes and comprising the best and most economical methods of roasting, boiling,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1866 Sc

Miss Leslie's new cook book : a complete manual of domestic cookery in all its branches / by Miss Leslie.
Clements Library: C2 1873 Le

Food for the invalid : the convalescent, the dyseptic, and the gouty / by J. Milner Fothergill and Horatio C. Wood.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1880 Fo

How to feed the sick, or, Diet in disease : for the profession and the people / by Ch. Gatchell.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1882 Ga

One hundred and sixty culinary dainties : for the epicure, the invalid, and the dyspeptic / by Samuel Hobbs.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1884 Ho

How to feed the sick : a hand-book of diet in disease / by Ch. Gatchell.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1885 Ga

A handbook of invalid cooking for the use of nurses in training-schools, nurses in private practice, and others who care for the sick : containing explanatory lessons on the...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1898 Bo

Recipe book : a directory for the parlor, nursery, sick-room, larder, toilet, and kitchen : containing also valuable recipes for cosmetics, perfumes, wine-making, and many...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1902 Re

Mrs. Clarke's cook book : containing one thousand of the best up-to-date recipes for every conceivable need in kitchen and other departments of housekeeping / by Annie Clarke.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1909 Cl

Household science and arts / by Josephine Morris.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1913 Mo

Works of Popular Medicine

Domestic medicine: or, A treatise on the prevention and cure of diseases by regimen and simple medicines. With an appendix, containing a dispensatory for the use of private...
Clements Library: C2 1801 Bu

The American domestick medicine, or, Medical admonisher : containing some account of anatomy, the senses, diseases, casualties : a dispensatory, and glossary : in which the...
Clements Library: C2 1817 Ja

The family physician and guide to health : together with some remarks on surgery: containing a familiar and accurate description of the symptoms of most diseases incident to...
Clements Library: C2 1830 No

The family physician. Being a domestic medical work, written in plain style, and divided into four parts. The first, devoted to hygiene...the second, to the history and cure of...
Clements Library: C2 1845 Fo

Health at home, or, Hall's family doctor : showing how to invigorate and preserve health, prolong life, cure diseases, understand the physical conditions of maternity, and the...
Clements Library: C2 1873 Ha

Hood's standard family medicines and other proprietary articles of established merit : used with perfect satisfaction in thousands of homes : valued above all others for the...
Clements Library: Pam 1908 C

19th Century Medical Practice

Works such as the following can be found in the Special Collections Library History of Medicine collection or the Taubman Health Sciences Library:
First lines of the practice of physic / by William Cullen ...; with supplementary notes, including the more recent improvements in the practice of medicine / by Peter Reid.
Special Collections Library: RC 46 .C84 1802

Synopsis of the universal practice of medicine.
Special Collections Library: 616.08 L72 tA88

The manual for invalids / by a physician.
Special Collections Library: 610.2 M29

The American cyclopedia of practical medicine and surgery : a digest of medical literature / edited by Isaac Hays.
Special Collections Library: 610.3 A5

The modern practice of physic: exhibiting the symptoms, causes ... and treatment of the diseases of all climates. By Robert Thomas, M. D.
Taubman Health Sciences Library: 616.08 T46 L3

The medical digest, being a means of ready reference to the principal contributions to medical science during the last thirty years. By Richard Neale ...
Taubman Health Sciences Library: Journals v.75

An encyclopedia of the practice of medicine,
Taubman Health Sciences Library: 616.08 B92

6. Visual Representations of Food: Food as Cultural Icon

Advertising and promotional ephemera are full of representations of food and drink. But the depiction is never neutral - the advertiser always has a message to send. The creator of the image has framed it to tell a story, or suggest an association. These depictions draw on contemporary values and cultural myths to encourage the consumer to view the product a certain way. Images of food are juxtaposed with other images to suggest health, happy home life, successful entertaining, being up to date, prosperity, patriotism, etc. Deciphering the presentation can tell the researcher much about contemporary values, how food was regarded, and the context of food purchasing and consumption.

What stories do the images of food tell? What other objects or images are typically shown in advertisements for foodstuffs? What associations are used in the depiction of food? When is food shown in a setting where it's made, e.g. the kitchen, as versus a setting where it's served or consumed? What values is the advertiser drawing on to persuade consumers?

Finding Materials

Keywords in “Title”:
“Culinary ephemera”
“Culinary ephemera : canning”
“Culinary ephemera : dairy”
“Culinary ephemera : condiments”
“Culinary ephemera : war”
“Culinary ephemera : flour products”
“Culinary ephemera : sweetening products”
“Culinary ephemera : cereal products”
“Culinary ephemera : canned foods”
“Culinary ephemera : gelatin and tapioca”
“Culinary ephemera : meats and eggs”
“Culinary ephemera : beverages - alcoholic”
“Culinary ephemera : cocoa & chocolate”
“Culinary ephemera : yeast and baking powder products”

7. Guides and “Friends” for Young or New Housekeepers

Guides and sources of advice directed at young or new housekeepers form a distinct genre within culinary publishing and books having to do with home life. The premise of these works is that the young woman (often presumed to be a newlywed) just setting up housekeeping must have a reliable source of adviceto direct her in mastering the multiple skills required for creating a well-run home. The authors are sometimes blandly authoritative, but most often portray themselves as well-wishers or confidential friends who will guide the new housekeeper past the numerous dangers and difficulties she will encounter.

What rhetoric is present in the prefaces and chapters? What contemporary concerns are being addressed? What fears are addressed? What aspirations are catered to? What social dislocations are described, such as the change in upbringing of women? What kind of moral burdens are put on housekeepers/home-makers? What sort of reassurances does the author give the reader? What prescriptions for the performance of class and gender do we see in the offered advice?

Finding Materials

Keyword in Titles
“Young housekeeper”
“Beginner”

Sample Titles

The young woman's companion, or, Frugal housewife : containing the most approved methods of pickling, preserving, potting, collaring, confectionary, managing and colouring...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1811 Yo

The young house-keeper, or, Thoughts on food and cookery. / By Wm. A. Alcott, author of the Young wife, Young mother, House I live in, and Young man's guide, and editor of the...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1838 Al

The housekeeper's almanac, or, The young wife's oracle for 1840 : containing upwards of 250 valuable recipes in cooking, confectionary, &c. &c.
Clements Library: Almanacs Ho

Domestic cookery : useful receipts and hints to young housekeepers / by Elizabeth E. Lea.
Clements Library: C2 1846 Le

The young house-keeper, : or Thoughts on food and cookery.
Clements Library: C2 1848 Al

The young housekeeper's friend, or, A guide to domestic economy and comfort / by Mrs. Cornelius.
Clements Library: C2 1850 Co

Domestic cookery, useful receipts, and hints to young housekeepers by Elizabeth E. Lea.
Clements Library: C2 1855 Le

The practical housekeeper and young woman's friend : containing useful receipts and advice on domestic economy / by M.L. Scott.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1855 Sc

The young housekeeper's friend / by Mrs. Cornelius.
Clements Library: C2 1859 Co

Mrs. Putnam's receipt book and young housekeeper's assistant.
Clements Library: C2 1865 Pu

The young housekeeper's friend. By Mrs. Cornelius.
Clements Library: C2 1871 Co

The household treasure, or, The young housewife's companion, containing complete instructions in, and receipts for preparing breakfast dishes, bread, biscuits, etc.
Clements Library: C2 1871 Ho

Every day home advice relating chiefly to household management : with hints upon houses, how to construct and preserve, domestic cookery in all its departments, gardens, small...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1883 Ev

The housekeeper's new cook book : embracing nearly one thousand recipes and practical suggestions to all young housekeepers in regard to cooking and the utensils used / compiled...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1883 Ho

Cookery for beginners : a series of familiar lessons for young housekeepers / by Marion Harland
Clements Library: C2 1884 Ha

Dining room notes : a practical hand-book for housekeepers / by Emily Hayes.
Clements Library: C2 1885 Ha

The graded cook book : a guide to old and young housekeepers, with plain directions for practical cooking and domestic economy / edited by Mrs. Lavinia Hargis.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1888 Ha

Letters to a young housekeeper / by Marie Hansen-Taylor (Mrs. Bayard Taylor).
Clements Library: C2 1893 Ta

The Green Mountain white ribbon cook book : especially adapted to young house keepers and busy women : containing choice gleanings from many households.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1895 Gr
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1895 Gr cop. 2

The Pocumtuc housewife : a guide to domestic cookery as it is practiced in the Connecticut Valley : to which are added plain directions for soap-making, brewing, candle dipping,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1897 Po

The Mothers' Society cook book : dainty, appetizing, and economical dishes : 250 practical recipes dedicated to the young housewives of nineteen hundred and four.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1904 Mo

Letters to a young housekeeper / by Jane Prince.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1917 Pr

Letters to a young housekeeper / by Jane Prince.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1918 Pr

8. Domestic Science and the Cooking School Movement

The Cooking School movement began in England, as an outgrowth of other 19th century reform movements. The original aim was to help reform the cooking and eating habits of the urban poor. In America, reformers and cookbook writers soon took up the cause. It was not too long before the focus began to shift to classes for a middle class audience, which thereafter existed side by side with classes for women employed as domestic servants. There was a perceived need for reform of the national diet, and a move towards a more scientific approach in the practice of cooking. This was part of the promotion of the professionalization and rationalization of many elements of American life in the latter half of the 19th century. There was also a push for cooking to be taught in public schools, and the Domestic Science movement had similar aims for housekeeping and the management of the home.

What reforms in American cooking and eating do the authors see the need for? What reasons do they give? What admonitions about cooking and housekeeping are repeated over time and how do they change? Do the values that are expressed in these works change over time? Does what's expressed about housekeeping as a vocation or profession change? What other social trends, such a women's increasing role in the workforce, does this reflect?

Finding Materials

Keyword in “Subjects”:
“Home economics -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.”
“Cooking -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.”
“Cooking -- Study and teaching”
"Home economics -- Study and teaching"
“Cooking schools”

Keyword in “Title”:
“Domestic economy”
“Domestic science”

Sample Titles

Buckmaster's cookery : being an abridgment of some of the lectures delivered in the cookery school at the International Exhibition for 1873 and 1874 : together with a collection...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1874 Bu

Cooking school text book and housekeepers' guide to cookery and kitchen management : an explanation of the principles of domestic economy taught in the New York Cooking School /...
Clements Library: C2 1879 Co

The sixth annual course of object lessons in cookery before the young women of Lasell Seminary, Auburndale, Mass. / given by Mrs. O.C. Daniell of Dedham, December, 1882, to...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1883 Da

The easiest way in housekeeping and cooking : adapted to domestic use or study in classes / by Helen Campbell.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1881 Ca

The latest and best cook book : a comprehensive treatment of the subject of cookery, ancient and modern, cooking utensils, &c., with abundant instructions in every branch of the...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1884 La

Boston school kitchen text-book : lessons in cooking for the use of classes in public and industrial schools / by Mrs. D.A. Lincoln.
Clements Library: C2 1887 Li

Cookery in the public schools / by Sallie Joy White.
Clements Library: C2 1890 Wh

How to teach kitchen garden : or, Object lessons in household work, including songs, plays, exercises, and games illustrating household occupations / by Emily Huntington.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1901 Hu

Course in domestic science / by Maud Fuller.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1905 Fu

Handbook of domestic science and household arts for use in elementary schools : a manual for teachers / with a preface by Mrs. Ellen H. Richards and with chapters contributed by...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1908 Wi

Elements of the theory and practice of cookery : a text-book of household science for use in schools / by Mary E. Williams and Katharine Rolston Fisher.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1911 Wi

The dinner calendar for 1914 / by Fannie Merritt Farmer.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1913 Fa

Household science and arts / by Josephine Morris.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1913 Mo

Lessons in cooking through preparation of meals / by Eva Roberta Robinson and Helen Gunn Hammel.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1914 Ro

Household arts for home and school / by Anna M. Cooley and Wilhelmina H. Spohr.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1921 Co

Domestic science, principles and application : a textbook for public schools / by Pearl L. Bailey.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1923 Ba

Food : its planning and preparation : a junior course in food study with a recipe book for use at home and at school / by Mabel T. Wellman.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1928 We

Foods : an introductory college course / Margaret M. Justin, Lucile Osborn Rust, Gladys E. Vail.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1940 Ju

Other sources:

Cooking up modernity: culinary reformers and the making of consumer culture, 1876-1916 / by Kiyoshi Shintani
University of Oregon: Available online

Rethinking home economics : women and the history of a profession / edited by Sarah Stage and Virginia B. Vincenti.
Hatcher Graduate Library: TX 23 .R481 1997

9. Changes in Consumption: Menus and Meal Plans

Many 19th and early 20th century cookbooks include menus or “bills of fare.” These model meals give us examples of the context within which the recipes in the books were served. They also tell us about the way American dining changed over time. The relative lavishness or frugality of meals during different periods throws light on the place of dining in the schedule of the day, and on the effort involved in preparing meals. The way these differ from our own patterns suggest one way the use of our time has changed in the past century and a quarter.

How did meal plans change over the course of the course of time in the 19th and early 20th centuries? Looking at works from three or four different decades, what differences can you trace? What changes were there in how many dishes were served in a course? What changes were there in what courses made up the meal? What changes were there in which dishes were recommended to start or finish the meal, or fill out the courses in between? What do the changing meal plans say about the amount of time spent at table? How do the meal plans compare to the way we eat now? What other social changes, such as the change in employment of hired cooks and other servants in middle class homes, are reflected in these books?

Finding Materials

Keyword in “Subjects”:
Menus

Sample Titles

The practice of cookery, pastry, pickling, preserving, &c. : containing figures of dinners from five to nineteen dishes and a full list of supper dishes : also, a list of things...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1791 Fr

The art of cookery made plain and easy : which far excels any thing of the kind yet published : containing ... : in which are included one hundred and fifty new and useful...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1796 Gl

The frugal housewife, or, Complete woman cook : wherein the art of dressing all sorts of viands, with cleanliness, decency, and elegance, is explained in five hundred approved...
Clements Library: C2 1802 Ca

A new system of domestic cookery : formed upon principles of economy and adapted to the use of private families / by a lady.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1813 Ru

Cookery and confectionary / by John Conrade Cooke.
Clements Library: C2 1824 Co

The modern housewife : or, Ménagère : comprising nearly one thousand receipts, for the economic and judicious preparation of every meal of the day : with those of the nursery...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1851 So

Mrs. Goodfellow's cookery as it should be. A manual of the dining-room and kitchen. Containing original receipts on every branch of cookery ... Together with rules on carving ...
Clements Library: C2 1865 Go

The book of household management : comprising information for the mistress, housekeeper, cook, kitchen-maid, butler, footman, coachman, valet, upper and under house maids,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1866 Be

What shall we eat? : a manual for housekeepers : comprising a bill of fare for breakfast, dinner, and tea, for every day in the year : with an appendix, containing recipes for...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1868 Wh

The new cyclopaedia of domestic economy and practical housekeeper : adapted to all classes of society and comprising subjects connected with the interests of every family, such...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1872 El

Everyday's need : a collection of well proven recipes / furnished by the ladies of the Business Women's Union.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1873 Ev

The home messenger book of tested receipts : total abstinence : respectfully dedicated to the patrons and friends of the Detroit Home of the Friendless / by the compilers...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1878 Ho

Practical housekeeping : a careful compilation of tried and approved recipes.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1883 Wi

The Franco-American cookery book, or, How to live well and wisely every day in the year : containing over 2000 recipes / by Felix J. Déliée.
Clements Library: C2 1884 De

The latest and best cook book : a comprehensive treatment of the subject of cookery, ancient and modern, cooking utensils, &c., with abundant instructions in every branch of the...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1884 La

The model cook book : containing over 1000 thoroughly tested recipes founded upon the principles of economy and adapted to the use of private families / by Mrs. Frances Willey.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1889 Wi

The pattern cook-book.
Clements Library: C2 1890 Pa

What shall we have to eat? : the question answered, or, a bill of fare for every day in the entire year with some receipts / by Mrs. Clarence I. Burr.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1893 Bu

Catering for two : comfort and economy for small households / by Alice L. James.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1898 Ja

Gala-day luncheons : a little book of suggestions / by Caroline Benedict Burrell.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1901 Be

Mother Hubbard's modern cupboard.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1903 Mo

Mrs. Rorer's every day menu book : giving a menu for every meal in the year : menus for weddings, dinners, receptions, and many other social functions : with illustrations of...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1905 Ro

Lemco dishes for all seasons : containing 208 recipes for articles in season each month : together with invalid dishes, breakfast dishes and sweets, and 75 menus for breakfasts,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1905 Tu

The international cook book : over 3,300 recipes gathered from all over the world, including many never before published in English : with complete menus of the three meals for...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1906 Fi

Miss Parloa's new cook book and marketing guide / by Maria Parloa.
Clements Library: C2 1908 Pa

The White House cook book : a comprehensive cyclopedia of information for the home : containing cooking, toilet and household recipes, menus, dinner-giving, table etiquette,...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1910 Zi

Catering for special occasions : with menus & recipes / by Fannie Merritt Farmer ; decorations by Albert D. Blashfield.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1911 Fa

The dinner calendar for 1914 / by Fannie Merritt Farmer.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1913 Fa

Lessons in cooking through preparation of meals / by Eva Roberta Robinson and Helen Gunn Hammel.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1914 Ro

The calendar of luncheons : with 52 practical Sunday evening suppers : 365 answers to the daily question "What shall we have for luncheon?" / selected and arranged by Elizabeth...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1915 Hi

The calendar of dinners : 365 answers to the daily question "What shall we have for dinner?" / selected and arranged by Elizabeth O. Hiller.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1917 Hi

The calendar of luncheons, teas, and suppers / compiled by Elizabeth O. Hiller.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1920 Hi

The Beech-Nut book : a book of menus & recipes / by Ida Bailey Allen.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1923 Al

For luncheon and supper guests : ten menus, more than one hundred recipes suitable for company luncheons, Sunday night suppers, afternoon parties, automobile picnics, evening...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1925 Br

The book of unusual cookery : 52 Sunday dinners & fine old time recipes.
Special Collections Library: Oversize Cookery 1927 Bo

Mrs. Allen on cooking, menus, service : 2500 recipes / by Ida C. Bailey Allen ; illustrations posed by Ida C. Bailey Allen and Jack Wilbur.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1928 Al

The Detroit news menu cook book / by Myrtle Calkins.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1933 Ca

A book of menus with recipes / by Della T. Lutes; breakfast, luncheon, dinner, buffet supper.
Clements Library: C2 1936 Lu

The Alice Bradley menu-cook-book : menus, marketing lists and recipes / by the Principal of Miss Farmer's School of Cookery, Inc.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1937 Br

The discriminating hostess : a book of menus and tested recipes / Ella Liner Lambert.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1939 La

The complete menu book / by Gladys T. Lang.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1939 La

Dining for moderns : with menus and recipes : the why and when of wining / compiled by Mrs. G. Edgar Hackney ; wine notes by Peter Greig ; edited by Ann R. Silver.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1940 Ha

More than cooking : recipes and menus / by Stella Standard ; introduction by Helmut Ripperger ; decorations by Fritz Kredel.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1946 St

10. Scenes of Domesticity

Embedded in works on the life of the home, including cookbooks, household manuals, and books of etiquette, are idealized, culturally constructed visions of how the home and the family work. In this idealized home, members of the household are assigned roles, duties, and responsibilities of both practical and interpersonal kinds. Admonitions about how not to act and what not to think are a clue to the stresses felt in real households. Deciphering the structure of this model home domain gives insight into contemporary beliefs about private life, family, and human relationships.

What values are in play when domesticity is described? What ideals for domestic happiness are portrayed in home-making literature? What roles are assigned to the different members of the family in the functioning of the home? Does this change over time, and, if so, how? How does this reflect the understanding of gender and familial roles at the time these books were written?

Finding Materials

Keywords in “Subjects”:
“Etiquette”
“Conduct of life”

Keywords in “Title”
“Decorum”
“Behavior”
“Manners”

Sample Titles

The well-ordered family: wherein the duties of it's [sic] various members are described and urged. A small, but very comprehensive piece, suitable to be in the hand of every...
Clements Library: C2 1762 Am

A concise system of family duty: comprising the relative duties of husbands, and wives; the duty of parents towards their children; and the duty of children towards their...
Clements Library: C2 1802 Tu

The school of good manners. Composed for the help of parents in teaching their children how to behave during their minority ...
Clements Library: J 1815 Mo

The young wife, or, Duties of woman in the marriage relation / By Wm. A. Alcott, author of The young husband, Young mother, House I live in, Young woman's guide, &c.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1841 Al

I will be a lady: a book for girls. By Mrs. Tuthill...
Clements Library: C2 1847 Tu

The young lady's home / by Louisa C. Tuthill.
Clements Library: C2 1848 Tu

The farmer's every-day book, or, Sketches of social life in the country : with the popular elements of practical and theoretical agriculture and twelve hundred laconics and...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1850 Bl

How to behave : a pocket manual of republican etiquette, and guide to correct personal habits : embracing an exposition of the principles of good manners, useful hints on the...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1856 We

Hand-book for home improvement, comprising How to write. How to talk. How to behave. How to do business. Complete in one volume.
Clements Library: C2 1870 We

Good morals and gentle manners. For schools and families. [By] Alex. M. Gow ...
Clements Library: C2 1873 Go

Behaving; or, Papers on children's etiquette. By Mrs. S. D. Power (Shirley Dare) ...
Clements Library: C2 1877 Po

Decorum : a practical treatise on etiquette and dress of the best American society.
Clements Library: C2 1878 De

Home and health and home economics : a cyclopedia of facts and hints for all departments of home life, health, and domestic economy / by C.H. Fowler and W.H. De Puy.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1880 Fo

The favorite receipt book and business directory / compiled and issued by the Ladies Aid Society of the Church of the Holy Comforter, Baltimore, Md.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1884 Fa

The latest and best cook book : a comprehensive treatment of the subject of cookery, ancient and modern, cooking utensils, &c., with abundant instructions in every branch of the...
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1884 La

The duties of women : a course of lectures / by Frances Power Cobbe.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1884 Co

Decorum : a practical treatise on etiquette and dress of the best American society : including social, commercial, and legal forms, letter writting, the toilet, toilet recipes,...
Clements Library: C2 1886 De

The home treasure : a guide to health, wealth, and happiness / by Ransom Sabin.
Special Collections Library: Cookery 1890 Sa

Business students looking for academic paper topics have a great variety of subjects to choose from. International business research paper topics give students an opportunity to write on the impact of cheap overseas labor on import prices, the effect of subsidies and tariffs on trading, etc. The capitalism concepts, for example, allow students to write about the implementation of Reaganomics in the 1980s.

Choosing International Business Research Paper Topics

If you are assigned to write a research paper your primary task is choosing international business research paper topics. You should consider the following things:

  • Even if your professor offers a topic, try to choose the one that interests you.
  • Ensure the topic of your international business research paper isn’t too narrow or too general. You’ll find a lot of materials if you are looking for information on broad topics, and not enough facts in the second case.
  • Once having chosen a subject, look through the library catalog and Internet databases for good ideas.
  • Look for the articles with headings “How to Find Research Paper Topics”, “100 Ideas for Research Paper,” etc.
  • Look up current events and news on international business sites.
  • Look through several reference books (handbooks, encyclopedias, reports, dictionaries) when choosing international business research paper topics. They will provide you with necessary background information and general topic overview.

International Business Research Paper Topics: Planning Research

After choosing international business research paper topics, make sure you plan and conduct your research properly:

  1. Determine the sources and materials within the particular time frame and other limitations.
  2. Pay special attention to the supervisor’s assistance and a working bibliography.
  3. Start data collecting at once after choosing a particular topic.
  4. Ensure the quality of your resources.
  5. Check the age of the source – it is extremely important when you are going to write a research paper on a relevant international business topic.

International Business Research Paper Topics Ideas

Here are some examples of good research paper topics on international business:

  1. Give examples of the most successful startups for the last five years. Analyze what the most important factor was that has led them to success.
  2. How has Apple’s strategy changed since Steve Job’s death?
  3. What were the most effective advertising campaigns in 2016?
  4. The quantity of strikes in Britain has dramatically reduced in 2015. What are the reasons for this decrease?
  5. China has advanced much further in mobile technologies than the US. What are the factors that influence the development of the mobile industry in China?
  6. The British government has rejected the deal on a nuclear power station. Predict the economic consequences of this decision.
  7. How do you explain the new tendency of large American companies to change the suburbs of a city?
  8. The soap company Savon de Marseille insists that the government should give them the label of originality because cheap Chinese and Turkish knockoffs try to force them out from the market. What should the government do in this case?
  9. According to the prediction of the clothing retailer Next, the demand for cloth will be poor for the rest of the year. How can you explain this?
  10. What kind of business can you operate completely from home and gain high income?
  11. The US government urges wars in Africa with the aim to distribute guns. Prove or disapprove this opinion.
  12. What would be the consequences for the poor if all the countries live only on the products that they manufacture?
  13. What are the most popular mistakes of many startups that lead to their failure?
  14. If artificial intelligence is invented now, how much time would people need to provide all employees with jobs?
  15. Which big international companies are likely to go bankrupt if they fail to change their strategy as soon as possible?
  16. Is it reasonable to hire an experienced manager that will develop a startup? Or, should the creator promote the business personally?
  17. There’s a tendency in logo design to change the shape of the design to flat. Who started doing this first and why?
  18. The economic impact of immigration in the United States in the last five years: how do immigrants affect the US economy in general?
  19. Make a list of five types of small businesses that will definitely bring a return.
  20. Do you think that all big companies should be present in social media?
  21. Terrorism influences the economics of a country in general. Does it affect private business in particular?
  22. How do governments profit from war? What kinds of companies grow in the conditions of constant war?
  23. Give examples of companies that have failed on the international market but succeed on the national market. Why have they failed?
  24. How does a government stabilize currency during a crisis?
  25. What ways do you know to predict US recessions? Which of them is the most effective in your opinion?
  26. Try to explain why the prices on houses have increased after Brexit.
  27. How does the foreign exchange market work?
  28. What other languages besides English could be international languages for business?
  29. How does Brexit influence the economics of the EU?
  30. What types of companies should be obliged to make payments on health care budgets?

Here you can find other outstanding research paper topics within different areas of studies.

International Business Research Paper Topics Help

Business research papers are usually assigned to college and university students. This type of paper is a part of a student’s semester work and influences the final marks. From the very beginning of the semester supervisors put an emphasis on the importance of writing really well-thought out research papers.

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