Energy has useable relationship with the production and consumption by the people. Both the factors move in ratio to population and consumption. Energy use and its sources need to be reviewed before we decide about describing the relative factors of energy. Sun, water, air and chemicals are some of the main sources of energy and they help in generating power from the sources. We have used water for thermal powers which move a mineral or a chemical in demand. The warning alert in this zone reminds for the exhaustion of the raw fuel and increase in population which results into enhancement in demand for energy.
The next used fuel was water in Hydel-power houses. Furthermore, is the use of atomic energy or nuclear fuel for power generation. Indian experts are already working hard on the non-conventional energy resources such as sun, wind blowing, tidal waves and biogas generation. As it is, very little could be done in this direction. Scientists are busy in developing a long term fuel for power generation. Village folks use cow dung, plants etc. for such productions. Indian scientists and atomic experts are committed to harness the natural resources for welfare use of resources. They could locate some deposits of “THORIUM’ which can be sued for power generation.
Our experts experimented car or bus driving on CNG and LPG gases. We could as such produce some lenses which helped in the development of sun rays into water heaters. However, nothing much could be done in the direction or the pace was so slow that it failed to cope with the demand and supplies.
We have to take a serious note of prevailing set up and gear up the efforts to control the generation and utilize our techniques to produce more, while utilizing our resources. Consumption control could be through control on population and creating awareness for the problem. Enhanced production is more a subject of technical experts’ jurisdiction and they may handle it. There is no dearth of variety of fuels provided we are willing to use them.
Awareness has to be created so that the consumers avoid wastage. More care should be taken for stored resources, because they end up on their own. The other part of resources which are created by its own circle just as water etc. in the same exploration for new fuels should continue. This may help in meeting the requirement Norms should be worked to save energy and awareness should be created among masses to follow the norms; industrial consumption can offer good help in this direction. They can avoid wastage and produce gadgets with economized use of electricity or energy. Recently Phillips, Crompton, Surya and other bulb producers have introduced low-watt tubes for domestic use. This can help in the low consumption in domestic sector. In the same way, new production should cover the manufacturing as per requirements.
People should be encouraged to use non-conventional energy. A solar domestic cooker, which is simple to manufacture, can save 60 percent of the LPG fuel, and almost 70percent of any other fuel. Such cookers should be made available on subsidized prices.
Energy crisis is universal, we can and should support the efforts to face the crisis and minimize it to the least possible extent.
Energy Crisis in the World
The World on the Brink of an Oil Crisis
Harnessing New sources of Energy
In an industrially advanced world of today, the demand for energy is increasing day by day. Energy is required to run our factories and machines, to run our planes, trains, cars and buses, to drive our ships and submarines, to make the wheel move. The major sources of energy so far have been coal and oil. But with the passage of time, coal and oil are bound to be used up. According to all indications, it is clear that the world is heading fast towards a major energy crisis. It is estimated that at the present rate of consumption, entire estimated range of recoverable oil in the world will be completely exhausted by the year 2015 or 2025.
The position in respect of coal in the world is also equally bad. In another 25 to 30 years, the coal mines would stop giving out coal. It will be a difficult situation. The developing countries of the world have already started looking for other sources of energy. Atomic energy, which promises a big hope, is full of risks and hazards. Moreover, atomic energy can be produced only at a very high cost. It has been calculated that nuclear construction costs are rising every day. They have now risen to 1000 dollars a kilowatt from one hundred dollars in 1960. Again, nuclear plants do not last forever. Their average life is 50 years. When they are dead, they cannot be dismantled like any other plant. They have to be buried deep and guarded forever. For these reasons the world has to think twice before committing itself completely to nuclear power.
The scientists are now trying to harness solar, biogas, water and air reserves. Water is being used in a big way to produce hydroelectric power at comparatively cheaper rates. Similarly, air mills are being developed in advanced countries of the world. Solar energy, too, has a bright future. Thermal generating units depending upon solar energy are being developed at a fast rate. Giant dishes are made to concentrate the sunlight on the thermal generators which use this sunlight to produce energy. Animal and human wastes are also being rapidly exploited as a source of energy.
The position in respect of energy in India is not very discouraging . The production of oil in the country is fast increasing. It has doubled from 15 million tonnes to 30 million tonnes during the last five years. India is able to produce 60 per cent of her needs but it cannot hope to be self- sufficient soon. India has already started harnessing sources other than oil and coal. But she can do so only with the constraints of the capital resources available with her. Thirty per cent of the country’s capital investment under the Seventh Plan was used for the energy sector. At present, we are paying a very high price for our petrol. Kerosene, the poor man’s fuel, is rationed. Water pumps in the agricultural farms have no diesel, shortage of furnace oil is threatening the closure of several industries.
A few years ago, our oil experts were highly optimistic as they struck oil in the Bombay High wells, “We have hit the jackpot,” said they. The ONGC authorities have discovered oil at a few more discovered oil fields. As the situation stands today we are not producing enough while our consumption is increasing every week.
All this only means that our planners must rise to the occasion and evolve a national energy policy to make use of all the available sources so that the country is saved from a difficult situation and the sun. On the international field, the developed countries of the world must launch a massive programme for harnessing all available sources of energy. They must also help the relatively less affluent countries to harness new sources of energy i.e. unconventional sources of energy.
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